A trial is usually funded through a large statutory funder and funding for trials can come from a range of sources, for example from:

  • The NHS and the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR)
    • Government-funded research councils such as the Medical Research Council (MRC)
    • Major research charities such as Cancer Research UK
    • Commercial companies

National Institute for Health Research (NIHR): The NIHR funds health and care research and helps change research discoveries into treatments, products and procedures for the NHS. They aim to involve patients and the public in all their work.

Often these large funders have several funding streams, for example:

EME: Efficacy and Mechanism Evaluation. This is the name of the fund at that National Institute for Health Research (NIHR). The NIHR has several big funding schemes through which it supports areas of research that match the interests of the particular fund.